Write: do you know what you are writing?

Before you start writing, having a good sense of what you will be writing is an important first step. Some examples of text types that require different kinds of writing are:

  • a paper: you look for the answer to an objective research question through field research or a literature study. A paper contains an introduction, methodology, your results and a conclusion
  • an abstract: a short, objective summary of the content of a scientific publication. An abstract contains an introduction, methodology, your results and a conclusion. If it is in lieu of a research proposal, you naturally do not have to provide results or a conclusion.
  • an academic poster: a visual representation of your research
  • a research proposal: you convince the reader that your research question is important and you present how the research will be conducted. A research proposal consists of an alluring title / research question, an abstract, an explanation of your research and a list of references.
  • a review: you present your personal opinion in a scientific manner. Start by contextualising; a short introduction of what you are reviewing. Argue the strong and weak points of what you are reviewing and illustrate with literature or examples. Draw a conclusion.
  • an essay: this is common on written exams. When asked to respond with an essay, you answer the question in a structured, critical fashion, in a short, clear text.
  • a summary: a structured rehash of the main points of a text. A summary also includes a conclusion.
  • a synthesis: one summary of different texts. Connect the different texts with eachother.


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Last modified March 28, 2022, 2:54 p.m.