Tag: academic writing

Academic writing in a nutshell

Throughout your career as a student and/or researcher you will produce a series of reports, papers, publications and other texts, in many cases in fluent English. Tips and tricks to improve your writing in English are collected on the UGent portal.

The faculty of Arts & Philosophy created a …

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APA: how to make a reference list

When you refer to someone else's work in your paper, you need to include that source in the reference list. A reference list only contains sources that were cited or referred to in your paper. Background readings do not belong in your reference list (but they can go in …

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APA: how to refer within a text

The way you refer to a source in your paper is the same for physical and online sources. You need to refer to a source when you cite someone, or when you paraphrase their ideas, data, theory, ... Below you can find concrete examples that show you how to do …

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Citation Style V&A (law school)

If you are a student or researcher at the faculty of law, you are expected to use the legal references and abbreviations in your (Dutch) publications (thesis, scientific articles). In EndNote you will find this reference style as V&A2015.

Since EndNote is an American software package, a separate version of …

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Collaborating on an article: what are your options?

There are several different online platforms you can use to write an article together (in real time). Some of these platforms are: OneDrive, Google Drive, Sharepoint or Overleaf.

Every Ghent University staff member or student has their own OneDrive for Business space, with 2 Terabyte of storage. …

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Copyright: my rights as an author

As the author of a work, you're the copyright holder. Sometimes, however, you transfer your copyright (the economic rights) to a third party, who becomes the copyright holder in turn. If someone wants to reuse (part of) your work, the copyright holder of your work must grant permission for this. …

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Deposit number behind a PhD thesis: what is it, is there a link with ISBN and is it obligatory?

What is a deposit number (D-nummer)?

A deposit number is assigned by the Royal Library of Belgium. It is the code that a publisher is obliged to include on the front or on the back of a book to enable identification of the book and the publisher. 

Therefore, It must …

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Endnote: find and remove duplicates

You can have duplicate references all removed in one click or one by one manually.

Manually remove duplicates You can find duplicates of references when you click Library > Find Duplicates. You will get a pop-up where you can compare possible duplicates. If there are fields that differ, they will …    Read more

EndNote: how can I add and delete references?

Once you have uploaded all your references into your EndNote library, you can delete duplicate references and add references manually. You can also edit them manually or automatically.

 

Add references

Read this tip to learn about importing references from databases.

Add a reference manually:

  • Open Athena and EndNote.
  • Click …
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EndNote: how can you cite while you write?

Advantages to cite while you write

  • You don't forget to cite sources.
  • You put the footnotes in the right places.
  • You save time looking for the right source after writing your article.
  • You can automatically update references.
  • You can adjust reference styles easily.

 

Insert a footnote
  • Open Athena.
  • Open …
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EndNote: how can you import references?

You can import references into EndNote from many different databases. In the clips below, we explain how to import references from the four most commonly used ones: the library's catalogue, Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar.

 

Web of Science

 

Scopus

 

Google Scholar      Read more

EndNote: how to create a group?

You can create groups in EndNote to structure your citations. There are three different groups:

  • a Group: you can add citations manually
  • a Smart Group: citations are added automatically
  • a Group Set: a cluster of (Smart) groups

 

Group

If you want to create a group to which you can …

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EndNote: how to import multiple references from Web of Science

You can import up to 500 references at the same time from Web of Science into your EndNote library.

To do this, enter your search query > click "Export" > click "EndNote desktop"

 

You will see a pop-up where you can enter the amount of references you want to …

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EndNote: how to personalise your reference fields

You can personalise the fields in EndNote in two different ways.

Reference types

You can choose which reference type is your preferred default, e.g: Journal Article. You can also choose which fields a certain reference type needs.

  • Open EndNote via Athena
  • Click Edit > Preferences, click on the tab "Reference …
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Journal: what does "peer-reviewed" mean?

It is essential to researchers to publish in peer-reviewed journals. A peer review means that the quality of the research will be assessed by colleagues (usually before publication). Some monograph publishers also work with peer review, which means that the quality of the books they publish has been assessed by …

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LaTeX: what is it?

LaTeX is a markup language (like HTML). It ensures that your text (article, book, thesis) rolls out of the printer with impeccable layout. Below, you can find some pros and cons of working with LaTeX:

 

LaTeX might be interesting if..
  • You use a lot of scientific formulas or mathematical …
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Open Access to your publications

Open Access refers to the practice of making peer-reviewed scholarly research and literature freely available online to anyone interested.

Open means anyone can freely access, use, modify, and share for any purpose, subject, at most, to requirements that preserve provenance and openness. It does not affect authors' freedom to choose …

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ORCID: what is it?

ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) provides a persistent identifier that will distinguish a researcher from other researchers throughout their scholarly career. An ORCID is globally unique and will continuously refer to the same researcher. Funders (e.g. NIH, HEFCE, ...) and publishers (e.g.. Elsevier, American Association for the Advancement of …

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Paraphrase: how to

You paraphrase when you explain another author’s idea(s) in your own words, often with added context. Here's how to do it:

  • Extract the gist. For example, one of the main arguments in Virginia Woolf’s A Room of One’s Own (1929) is: women have the right to education.
  • When you …
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Plagiarism: what is it?

The UGent Education and Examination Code defines plagiarism as follows: "to commit plagiarism is to present (parts of) a source as original and your own, without adding any acknowledgements."

You can read more about this in the guide about academic writing by the Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, in particular …

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Reference style: what is it?

A reference style defines the rules you have to follow to refer to sources. There are many different reference styles, often linked to a certain field. Also certain scientific journals have their own reference style. Some examples of reference styles are: MLA, APA, Vancouver, IEEE, OSCOLA,...

Pointers

References have to …

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Resources: helpful tools to find literature

These tools will help you find literature on the topic of your choice.

 

  • lib.ugent.be You can find over 4.000.000 references for books, serials, images, theses, and databases in the library catalogue of Ghent University. Many of these can be consulted online, from the comfort of your home.
    If you …
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Resources: search and find information

Do you need to write a text or do you need to find information and you are looking for the right resources?

 

Step-by-step plan Step 1: define your subject
  • Narrow down your subject on the basis of literature on the subject.
  • Explore the subject. You can read a paper …
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Retraction Watch: what is it?

Retraction Watch is a database that lists retracted (retractions) or corrected (corrections) publications, or publications with an expressions of concern. A blog is connected to the databese, highlighting some of the retracted publications. Retraction Watch started in 2010, which means you will not find older publications in the collection. The …

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Write: do you know what you are writing?

Before you start writing, having a good sense of what you will be writing is an important first step. Some examples of text types that require different kinds of writing are:

  • a paper: you look for the answer to an objective research question through field research or a literature …
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