Citing: how to

The information on this page comes from Studentenportaal (Dutch).


When you copy literal phrasings of another author (or your own, previous work), you are citing another text. Some quick guidelines:

  • Always use double quotation marks: "..."
  • Refer to the source of the citation immediately after the citation
  • If you use a footnote reference style, also add the page number
  • Is it a citation of 40 words or more? This is a block quote. Block quotes start on a new line, are indented, and do not need quotation marks


There are some advantages of citing:

  • You can cite others to support your own thesis
  • You can focus on the way the author phrases their findings
  • You can contrast what the author claims with what you claim
  • Citing puts the emphasis on the researcher and not their findings

But there are also downsides:

  • It is harder to foreground your own voice
  • It is not ideal for the flow of your text



Source reference

Studentenportaal. (n.d.). Citeer.



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Last modified Aug. 8, 2022, 10:04 a.m.